System Architecture for the Internet of Things (IoT) Based Smart Agriculture Monitoring

Jitander Kumar, AQSA NISAR, WaheedUddin Hyder, Subhash Sagar, Muhammad Zakir Shaikh


The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a collection of billions of physical devices across the globe that are linked to the internet, and all are collecting and sharing data. The Internet of Things is making our life smarter and more approachable by merging the digital and physical world universe. One of the most effective and easiest applications of IoT is increasing crop production. The major issues concerned with the field of agriculture are pestle and animal attacks on the crops, unawareness of weather conditions, manual irrigation systems, and lack of monitoring and controlling of farms remotely. IoT is a cost-effective solution to overcome these major problems. It plays a major role in the developed countries but in progressive countries like Pakistan, where agriculture is the backbone of the economy, old cultivation methods are used which results in low production. The highlighting features of our proposed IoT architecture include pest monitoring, temperature, and humidity sensing, soil moisture sensing, and watering control. All the sensor data is gathered at a monitoring hub via a wireless network. The additional features of the proposed architecture are the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) based remote controlling in case of emergency and the Virtual Network Computing (VNC) viewer where users can control the sensors remotely from anywhere in the world. All the desired data and alerts reach the farmer by GSM or through Thing Speak in Graphical form and all the previous data is saved on the Thing Speak cloud. This IoT-based proposed architecture is deployed on the farm, and it is cost-effective as well.

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